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    Comparison of Responsive CSS Framework

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    Bootstrap 4.0.0-alpha Foundation 6 Skeleton 2.0.1
    Summary Updates in version 4.0.0-alpha:

    • Dropped Less in favor of Sass
    • Better grid system for mobile
    • Opt-in flexbox support – use Sass boolean to toggle
    • Wells, Thumbnails, and Panels have been replaced by Cards
    • New reset called Reboot (combination of normalize.css and Bootstrap base styles)
    • Dropped IE8 support
    • Moved from px to rem and em units
    • All JS plugins rewritten in ES6
    • Completely rewritten and improved documentation

    Blog post here

    Fountation 6 Updates:

    • 50% code reduction
    • Components built with more attention to Web Accessibility
    • Fewer default styles to override
    • Customizable Sass Grid
      • Flexbox grid toggling
      • Custom breakpoints
    • ZURB prototyping tools
    • Motion UI
    • More flexible navigation patterns
    • Grids: Fluid
    • UI tools: Limited
    • History: Mobile-first update, new percentage-based grid, more robust form styles, new basic table styling and super basic code styling
    Version 4.0.0-alpha 6 2.0.1
    Last Released August 19, 2015 November 19, 2015 December 11, 2014
    Website v4-alpha.getbootstrap.com foundation.zurb.com/sites getskeleton.com
    GitHub github.com/
    twbs/bootstrap
    github.com/zurb/
    foundation-sites
    github.com/
    dhgamache/
    Skeleton
    Creator Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton at Twitter ZURB Dave Gamache
    License MIT License MIT License MIT License
    Browser Support Mobile

    • Chrome – Android and iOS
    • Firefox – Android
    • Safari – iOS
    • Android Browser & WebView – Android

    Desktop

    • Chrome – Mac/Win
    • Firefox – Mac/Win
    • IE9+ – Win (IE9 limitations)
    • Opera – Mac/Win
    • Safari – Mac

    “Unofficially, Bootstrap should look and behave well enough in Chromium and Chrome for Linux, Firefox for Linux, and Internet Explorer 8 and below, though they are not officially supported.” –Bootstrap 4 Docs

    • Last Two Versions of:
      • Chrome
      • Firefox
      • Safari
      • Opera
      • Mobile Safari
      • IE Mobile
    • IE 9+
    • Android Browser 2.3+
    Latest and previous versions of Chrome, Firefox, Opera, and Safari; IE9+
    Vermilion Commentary Bootstrap 4.0.0-alpha is a fairly large update to the framework. It has dropped Less support in favor of Sass, converted from px-based to rem-based sizing, improved its grid system, and dropped IE8 support. Also, all its JS plugins were re-written in ES6, it now uses a customized reset CSS file called Reboot, and offers flexbox support via a Sass boolean variable.

    In addition to this update, Bootstrap now offers themes at themes.getbootstrap.com.

    Also, Bootstrap will continue supporting version 3, unlike the dropping of version 2 support after the release of version 3.

    You can read more here.

    Foundation 6 is a fairly major update which includes more grid flexibility, custom breakpoints, optional flexbox, and more.

    Like Bootstrap 4, Flexbox is now toggleable via Sass in Foundation 6.

    The Sass/CSS has been reworked and consolidated, and there are fewer default styles to override on common elements.

    Sass/CSS and JavaScript components have been refactored to allow a 50% overall file size reduction and more modularity.

    The code for components is by default more accessible than previous versions in terms of keyboard and screenreader support.

    Responsive menus can swap between dropdown, drilldown, and accordion navigation patterns per breakpoint.

    The documentation now includes a nifty search feature for quick component/mixin/function searching.

    There is an hour and 20min long Foundation 6 screencast that is well worth watching and learning from.

    Skeleton 2 was updated in December 2014 after remaining mostly unchanged for about three years.

    This update focuses on a new percentage-based grid, mobile-first media queries, a bit more default styling for tables, forms, and code elements, and changed its reset to normalize.css

    The default font is now Raleway served by Google and the text is sized in rems

    Here is a post about the update: medium.com/@dhg/dear-skeleton-452f4bb07d69

    This is still the best approach for simplicity. It is technically not a “framework” since it is meant as a starting point for responsive websites, and it still uses vanilla CSS.

    CSS

    Reset reboot.css (_reboot.scss) normalize.css normalize.css
    LESS N N N
    Sass/Scss Y Y N

    Grids and Responsiveness

    Base width Fluid (0, 34em, 48em, 62em, 75em) Fluid (max-width 75rem default) Fluid (max-width 960px default)
    Columns 12 1-infinity (12 default) 12
    Single column class syntax
    Two column class syntax
    Container syntax
    Row syntax
    Gutter-free row syntax Not available Not available
    Nested column syntax Columns cannot be nested
    Offset column syntax
    Centered syntax Not available Not available
    Ordering syntax Not available
    Block grids syntax Not available Not available
    Media queries syntax

    UI and Widgets

    Alerts Y Y — Callout N
    Collapse/Accordion Y — Collapse Y — Accordion N
    Media Object Y — Media Object YMedia Object N
    Right-to-Left Unknown as of Aug 29, 2015. See also: RTL-Bootstrap Y — Right-to-Left Support N

     

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