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    IOS App used by C and C++

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    How to develop Android apps in C or C++ embed the Native Development Kit. In this tutorial, I’ll introduce how to use C or C++ together with Objective-C in iOS. Unlike Android which wants a special API (the NDK) to support native development, iOS helps it by default.

    What Is Objective-C++?

    Objective-C++ may sound like a new programming language, but it is same as previous. It’s a combined with  two languages, Objective-C and C++. Apple provides Objective-C++ as a comfortable mechanism for mixing Objective-C code with C++ code.

    Objective-C is close to C but with object-oriented features achieve as a thin layer on top of C. It’s a  tough superset of C which makes any C code a valid Objective-C program.

    Even though Swift is now the suggested language for developing iOS apps, there are still good reasons to use past languages like C, C++ and Objective-C. Regardless the quick rise of Swift, Objective-C is still the principal language on iOS because of the sheer number of extant apps and libraries already created with it.

    One reason to use Objective-C is to port an existing C/C++ program written for another platform to iOS. Developing cross-platform apps using C or C++ is attainble with some careful planning. Despite Swift being open source, it’s not yet fully supported other platforms.

    Using Objective-C++

    Create the Project

    Open Xcode and choose Create a new Xcode project.

    Create
    Create

    In the template selection screen, choose Single View Application from the iOS Application tab and clickNext.

    Single view
    Single view

    In the project options screen, name the product HelloCpp. Enter your organization and organization identifier in reverse domain name style.

    Because it’s not really a language, there’s no option to create an Objective-C++ project. The only available source is either Objective-C or Swift. For this project, choose Objective-C. Keep all other ooption as it is and click Next and choose a folder to save the project.

    download
    download

    C++

    It is the Time to add some C++ code. If this is your first time with C++, check out this tutorial on the language. Look at the Project Navigator pane on the left. Most of the files end with either an .h or .m. Those that end with .h are header files while those with .m are Objective-C source files.

    Create a C++ class that will be called from an Objective-C file.

    C++ class
    C++ class

    Name the file Greeting, keep the Also create a header file box checked and click Next. Save the file inside the HelloCpp folder.

    Greeting
    Greeting

    The project’s structure should now look like the following. Feel free to drag files around to modify the arrangement in the Project Navigator.

    Hello CPP
    Hello CPP

    Open Greeting.hpp and add the following code between the include <stdio.h> and#endif /* Greeting_hpp */ lines:

    Define these methods in Greeting.cpp by adding the following code after the include "Greeting.hpp"line:

    This is simple code that creates a class named Greeting with a single method named greet() that returns a string value.

    Using Objective-C with C++

    Now that you’ve added the simple C++ Greeting class, try calling this from Objective-C. OpenViewController.m and import the Greeting.hpp header file:Variable Delaration

    unchecked
    unchecked

    If “Show live issues” is selected then it display error message to overcome this issue rename the file Viewcontroller.mm while  edit the above code.

    To Add an Button in this app to make it more interactive. follow the below procedure.

    Add button
    Add button

    Now give the name to that Created Button.

    Hello Button
    Hello Button

    Open ViewController.h and add the following IBAction method between @interface and @end:

    Define this method in ViewController.mm with the following code inserted after the- (void)didReceiveMemoryWarning function and before @end:

    Show Greeting
    Show Greeting

    Build and run the app. Notice that the button appears off-center on the simulator. Fix this by selecting Auto Layout constraints using the Control + drag technique. Connect the button to its packet and enable both vertical and horizontal centering. Run the app again to notice the improvements.

    Centre Button
    Centre Button

    See more:

    Online C/C++ Learning resources

    BEST RESOURCES TO START LEARNING C/C++

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