There exist many searching server engines and web development frameworks, to each a unique durability. Normally, HTML and CSS are studied in the process. Although useful, they are not really necessary for the development of back-end logic.
We talked about how web programmers are concerned with launching websites, updates, and maintenance, among other things. All of that works to support the front-end of the website. The back-end has three parts to it: server, application, and database.
To better explain how all of this works, let’s use the example of a customer trying to purchase a plane card using a website. Everything that the client sees on the web page is the front-end, as we have made clear before, but once that customer introduce all of his or her information, such as their name, billing address, destination, etc, the web function stores the information in a database that was build previously on the helper in which the website is art for information.
The web application creates, deletes, changes, renames, etc component in the database. For example, when a client purchases a ticket, that creates an item in the table, but when they have a revision in their order or they wish to cancel, the item in the database is exchanged.
A server, in the simplest form, is a computer accessed remotely that runs software to conclude requests from clients. In our example, the server the customer’s browser is advertise with is where the database is stocked and modified.
In short, when a customer wants to buy a ticket, the backend affair is the web application communicating with the server to make a change in a database stored on said server. Technologies like PHP, Ruby, Python, and others are the ones backend programmers benefit to make this contact work smoothly, own the customer to asset his or her ticket with ease.
The back end comprises three parts: the server, your database, any APIs, and a back-end web application, software drafted via server-side languages. The server is a powerful computer that runs the back-end software, the database building your site’s data, and the software related between the two. For example, if a user is updating a profile on a networking site, the server-side scripts will come the information the user enters.
Chosen by big players. It doesn’t close that Java is the best one. Java was built around Enterprise model. At the beginning, they projected to make a business about it (the same .NET).
Python / Ruby
Very fast developing and prototyping. Enjoy when coding, easy to keep and refactor. Most of the web are guided by Python / Ruby / PHP frameworks (I don’t want to talk around the last one). Those languages are built by professional geeks.
Disadvantage: not as fast as Java. But for portion web content, it is fast enough. Because there are application with JIT (eg PyPy, Numba for Python), this disadvantage is going to be even weaker. JIT gives a huge boost.
Node.js with Express.js can also be used to design classic web applications on the server-side. However, while possible, this request-response pattern in which Node.js would be carrying around rendered HTML is not the most typical use-case. There are clash to be made for and against this access approach.
The newcomer. Takes the best from Java (fast) and Python / Ruby (fun, productive). Have simple yet potent type hierarchy. Disadvantages: although the project is stable, there are not a lot of tools around it. Some which occur are not as rich / mature as the ones we have in previous automation technologies.
Nonetheless, Go is already used in production (Google, Heroku).
Django (a Python framework)
It is a free and open-source web application framework, written in Python, which follows the model–view–controller (MVC) architectural pattern. It is maintained by the Django Software Foundation (DSF).
It uses the Microsoft SQL server database.
It is a programming language created to be fun and efficient. Ruby syntax is easy to read, even for human who don’t know Ruby. This was point of communication into the general thanks to Rails, which is a framework (built with Ruby) for building web applications. This on Rails is one of the most popular web improvement tools for small businesses and startups.
It is a universal database query language. SQL is used to relate with databases, which are a part of every backend web function. No matter what language or framework you choose to build your web application, you will likely use SQL, or some abstraction of it, to interact with the database.
Programming languages used in most popular websites
Back-end(Sever- Side): C, C++, Go, Java, Python
Back-end(Sever- Side): C/C++, Python, Java, Go
Back-end(Sever- Side): Hack, PHP (HHVM), C++, Java, Python, Erlang, D, Xhp, Haskell
Back-end(Sever- Side): Java,Perl, C++